Caries, Dental Sealants, Tooth Retention, Edentulism,
and Enamel Fluorosis. United States. 1988-1994 and
1999-2002. [cited 2009 February 14] http://www.cdc.
2. Hurlbutt M, Young DA. A best practices approach to
caries management. J Evid Based Dent Pract. 2014; 14
3. Horst JA, Ellenikiotis H, Milgrom PL. UCSF
protocol for caries arrest using silver diamine fluoride:
rationale, indications and consent. J Calif Dent Assoc
2016; 44( 1): 16-28.
4. Ngo HC, Mount G, McIntyre J, Tuisuva J, Von
Doussa RJ. Chemical exchange between glass-ionomer
restorations and residual carious dentine in permanent
molars: an in vivo study. J Dent 2006; 34( 8):608-13.
5. Young DA, Novy BB, Zeller GG, et al. The American
Dental Association Caries Classification System for
Clinical Practice: A report of the American Dental
Association Council on Scientific Affairs. J Am Dent
Assoc 2015;146( 2): 79-86.
6. Knight GM, McIntyre JM, Craig GG, et al. Inability to
form a biofilm of Streptococcus mutans on silver fluoride-
and potassium iodide-treated demineralized dentin.
Quintessence Int 2009; 40( 2):155-61.
7. Zhao IS, Gao SS, Hiraishi N, et al. Mechanisms of silver
diamine fluoride on arresting caries: a literature review.
Int Dent J 2017.
8. Mei ML, Li QL, Chu CH, Yiu CK, Lo EC. The
inhibitory effects of silver diamine fluoride at different
concentrations on matrix metalloproteinases. Dent Mater
2012; 28( 8):903-8.
9. Mei ML, Nudelman F, Marzec B, et al. Formation of
fluorohydroxyapatite with silver diamine fluoride. J Dent
10. Mei ML, Ito L, Cao Y, et al. Inhibitory effect of silver
diamine fluoride on dentine demineralisation and
collagen degradation. J Dent 2013; 41( 9):809-17.
11. Gao SS, Zhang S, Mei ML, Lo EC, Chu CH. Caries
remineralisation and arresting effect in children by
professionally applied fluoride treatment—a systematic
review. BMC Oral Health 2016;16: 12.
13. Yee R, Holmgren C, Mulder J, et al. Efficacy of silver
diamine fluoride for arresting caries treatment. J Dent Res
2009; 88( 7):644-7.
14. Zhi QH, Lo EC, Lin HC. Randomized clinical trial on
effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride and glass ionomer
in arresting dentine caries in preschool children. J Dent
2012; 40( 11):962-7.
15. Wu DI, Velamakanni S, Denisson J, et al. Effect of silver
diamine fluoride (SDF) application on microtensile
bonding strength of dentin in primary teeth. Pediatr Dent
2016; 38( 2):148-53.
16. Thompson V, Craig RG, Curro FA, Green WS, Ship
JA. Treatment of deep carious lesions by complete
excavation or partial removal: a critical review. J Am Dent
Assoc 2008;139( 6):705-12.
17. Mickenautsch S, Yengopal V. Caries-preventive effect
of high-viscosity glass ionomer and resin-based fissure
sealants on permanent teeth: a systematic review of
clinical trials. PLoS One 2016; 11( 1):e0146512.
18. Peumans M, Kanumilli P, De Munck J, et al.
Clinical effectiveness of contemporary adhesives: a
systematic review of current clinical trials. Dent Mater
2005; 21( 9):864-81.
19. Ricketts DN, Kidd EA, Innes N, Clarkson J. Complete
or ultraconservative removal of decayed tissue in unfilled
teeth. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006;3:CD003808.
20. Schwendicke F, Frencken JE, Bjorndal L, et al. Managing
carious lesions: consensus recommendations on carious
tissue removal. Adv Dent Res 2016; 28( 2): 58-67.
21. Ngo H, Ruben J, Arends J, et al. Electron probe
microanalysis and transverse microradiography studies
of artificial lesions in enamel and dentin: a comparative
study. Adv Dent Res 1997; 11( 4):426-32.
22. Crystal YO, Janal MN, Hamilton DS, Niederman R.
Parental perceptions and acceptance of silver diamine
fluoride staining. J Am Dent Assoc 2017.
Judy Bendit, RDH, BS, has more than 45 years of experience in
dentistry. She is a speaker, author, clinician, faculty member at the
Temple University School of Dentistry, an alumni board member
of the University of Pennsylvania Dental School, and an advisory
board member for Palm Beach State College’s dental hygiene program. She is also a longstanding member of the American Dental
Hygienists’ Association and a distinguished academy member
of the Pennsylvania Dental Hygienists’ Association, and she is a
volunteer clinician both at home and abroad.
Douglas A. Young DDS, EdD, MBA, MS, is a professor at
the University of the Pacific where he is an active and ardent educator in the field of minimally invasive dentistry and cariology. He
was one of the founders of the CAMBRA (caries management
by risk assessment) Coalition, ADEA Cariology Section, and the
American Academy of Cariology (AAC). Dr. Young served on the
ADA Council of Scientific Affairs (2012-2016) and is currently a
cariology consultant for the ADA. Dr. Young has presented at congresses and universities around the world. He has been published
in numerous peer-reviewed dental journals and textbooks focusing
on minimally invasive dentistry, glass ionomer, and cariology.
Judy Bendit and Douglas A. Young have no commercial ties with
the sponsors or the providers of the unrestricted educational grant
for this course.